Did You Know?


The only city in the world located on two continents is Istanbul, which has been the capital of three great empires, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman for more than 2,000 years.


The world'soldest known settlementis in Catalhoyuk in central Anatolia, Turkey, and dates back to 6,500 BC.

20 St Nicolas - the original Santa Claus - was born in Patara in Turkey and has a church dedicated to him in Demre
21 The Virgin Mary spent her last days in Selcuk, İzmir, near the ancient city of Ephesus
22 Leonardo da Vinci drew designs for a bridge over the Golden Horn, an inlet at mouth of the Bosphorus, that was never built
23 Julius Caesar proclaimed his celebrated words "Veni. Vedi, Veci" (I came, I saw, I conquered) in Turkey when he defeated Pontus, a formidable Kingdom in the Black Sea Region of Turkey
24 Aesop - famous for his fables and parables - was born in Anatolia.

The first known University in history is in Harran, Southeast Turkey.

26 Homer (Homeros) was born in Izmir on the west coast of Turkey and he depicted Troy, which is north of Izmir, in his Epic the Iliad

Thesmallpoxvaccination was introduced to England and Europe from Turkey by Lady Montague in the early 19th century (after Turkish physicians saved her son's life).

28 Part of Turkey's south western shore was a wedding gift from Mark Antony to Cleopatra

The famous Trojan Wars took place in western Turkey, around the site where a wooden model of theTrojan Horsehas been erected at the site.

30 Alexander the Great conquered a large territory in what is now Turkey and cut the Gordion Knot in the Phrygian capital (Gordium) not far from Turkey's present-day capital (Ankara).

One of the seven wonders, The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (today only base ruins remained in Selcuk, Izmir).


One of the seven wonders, The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus today only base ruins remained in Bodrum, Mugla.

33 The word "turquoise" derives from the French word for Turkish (Turquois), the beautiful colour of waters of the Mediterranean Sea on the southern Turkish coast

Thefirst coins ever minted were done so at Sardis, near İzmir, the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Lycia, at the end of the seventh century B.C.

35 According to the Legend of Great Flood, after the withdrawal of the waters, Noah's Ark landed on Mount Ağrı in eastern Anatolia.

Anatolia is the birthplace of many historical figures such as the PhrygianKing Midas, the father of historyHerodotusandSt Paul.

37 One of the first most accurate world maps were drawn by the well-known Turkish cartographer and navigator Piri Reis in 16th century.

Contrary to popular opinion,tuliporiginated not in Holland but on the Asian steppes. The Turks first gave the Dutch their famous tulips that started the craze for the flower in England and the Netherlands. There is a period of elegance and amusement in 17th century is named "The Tulip Age" in Ottoman Empire.


TheSeven Churchesreferred in theBook of Revelationare all found in Turkey: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.

40 The most valuable silk carpet in the world is in the Mevlana Museum in Konya, Turkey. Marco Polo's journeys in the thirteenth centuries took him here, and he remarked that the "best and handsomest of rugs" were to be found in Turkey

Thefirst man ever to flywas Turkish. Using two wings, Hezarfen Ahmet Celebi flew from the Galata Tower over the Bosphorus to land in Uskudar in the 17th century.


Göbekli Tepe /Sanliurfa is the oldest human-made place of worship yet discovered.Dated to 7500 - 6000 BC.


The number of archaeological excavations going on in Turkey every year is at least 150

44 The Amazons originated in Turkey's Northeastern region
45 Anatolia is the location of the first known beauty contest, judged by Paris, with Aphrodite, Hera and Athena as leading participants
46 World's first known bank is Teple of Sard Artemis located Salihli/Manisa.Banking task were fulfilled by priest of temple

The oldest known shipwreck  in the world was excavated in Kas. The shipwreck is on display now in Bodrum Underwater Archaeology Museum.