The only city in the world located on two continents is
Istanbul, which has been the capital of three great empires, Roman,
Byzantine and Ottoman for more than 2,000 years.
The world'soldest known settlementis in Catalhoyuk in central
Anatolia, Turkey, and dates back to 6,500 BC.
The first known University in history is in Harran, Southeast
Thesmallpoxvaccination was introduced to England and Europe from
Turkey by Lady Montague in the early 19th century (after Turkish
physicians saved her son's life).
The famous Trojan Wars took place in western Turkey, around the
site where a wooden model of theTrojan Horsehas been erected at the
One of the seven wonders, The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
(today only base ruins remained in Selcuk, Izmir).
One of the seven wonders, The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus today
only base ruins remained in Bodrum, Mugla.
Thefirst coins ever minted were done so at Sardis, near İzmir,
the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Lycia, at the end of the
seventh century B.C.
Anatolia is the birthplace of many historical figures such as
the PhrygianKing Midas, the father of historyHerodotusandSt
Contrary to popular opinion,tuliporiginated not in Holland but
on the Asian steppes. The Turks first gave the Dutch their famous
tulips that started the craze for the flower in England and the
Netherlands. There is a period of elegance and amusement in 17th
century is named "The Tulip Age" in Ottoman Empire.
TheSeven Churchesreferred in theBook of Revelationare all found
in Turkey: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis,
Philadelphia and Laodicea.
Thefirst man ever to flywas Turkish. Using two wings, Hezarfen
Ahmet Celebi flew from the Galata Tower over the Bosphorus to land
in Uskudar in the 17th century.
Göbekli Tepe /Sanliurfa is the oldest human-made place of
worship yet discovered.Dated to 7500 - 6000 BC.
The number of archaeological excavations going on in Turkey
every year is at least 150
The oldest known shipwreck in the world was excavated in
Kas. The shipwreck is on display now in Bodrum Underwater