Amasya is a city in northern Turkey and is the provincial
capital of Amasya Province.
The city of Amasya the Amaseia or
Amasia of antiquity, stands in the mountains above the Black Sea
coast, set apart from the rest of Anatolia in a narrow valley along
the banks of the Yeşilırmak River. Although near the Black Sea,
this area is high above the coast and has an inland climate,
well-suited to growing apples, for which Amasya province, one of
the provinces in north-central Anatolia Turkey, is famed. It was
the home of the geographer Strabo and the birtplace of the 15th
century scholar and physician Amirdovlat Amasiatsi. Located in a
narrow cleft of the Yeşilırmak (Iris) River, it has a history of
7,500 years which has left many traces still evident today.
In antiquity, Amaseia (Greek:
Aμáσεια) was a fortified city high on the cliffs above the river.
It has a long history as a wealthy provincial capital, producing
kings and princes, artists, scientists, poets and thinkers, from
the kings of Pontus, through Strabo the geographer, to many
generations of the Ottoman imperial dynasty. With its
Ottoman-period wooden houses and the tombs of the Pontus kings
carved into the cliffs overhead, Amasya is attractive to visitors.
It is also the location of an important moment in the life of
Atatürk when, in June 1919, he issued the Amasya Circular,
declaring the independence of the country to be in danger.
In recent years there has been o lt
of investment in tourism and more foreing and Turkish tourists
visit the city. Traditional Ottoman houses near the Yeşilırmak and
the other main historical buildings have been restored; these
traditional Yalıboyu houses are now used as cafes, restaurants,
pubs and hotels. Behind the Ottoman wooden houses one see the Rock
Tombs of the Pontic Kings.